Flying basics

Practise the figures shown below with little wind and with the sun behind you. So that you do not train yourself a preferred direction, always fly the figures to the left and to the right.

Keep a safe distance from your drone during take-off and landing. View the drone from behind during take-off and landing. In this way, the control commands are carried out analogously.



The influence of the wind on the speed over ground

 Ground speed is the sum of airspeed and wind speed.



Situational Awareness

Before decisions can be made, current information and data must be gathered and interpreted. You must first get a mental picture of the situation, get an overview. Relevant information is, for example, obstacles, wind direction and airspace restrictions. Then the meaning of this information must be processed, understood and interpreted.

These steps together are called "Situational Awareness". This means something like having the "big picture" of a situation.

Situational awareness can be influenced by the following factors:

    • Personal conditions such as fatigue, workload, stress and experience with a situation.
    • Conditions such as, weather, distractions and other flying objects.
    • System issues such as the complexity and performance of the unmanned aerial vehicle, the level of automation of the processes.


Wind turbulences

 turbulenz 1b

 turbulenz 2b


A clean air flow is only found at higher altitudes. Near the ground, obstacles, houses and forests prevent the even exchange of air masses. The wind speed, for example around buildings, can be estimated very poorly.


Dynamic upwinds or downwinds can occur on slopes. When the wind hits a slope, the air is deflected upwards. This creates updrafts which in principle do not pose a danger. If you fly out of this area, the relatively strong lift suddenly disappears